A NASA spacecraft designed to carve under the surface of Mars landed on the red planet for six months, a 482 million-kilometer journey and a six-minute descent in the rose-colored atmosphere.
In NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, flight controllers jumped out of seats, and when there were reports that the three-legged InSight soil had come down on the red planet, the screams, applause and laughter erupted.
. Perfect i announced Japp's lead engineer, Rob Manning.
”This is what we really hope and imagine in our minds,“ he said. "Sometimes things work in your favor."
Since May, a pair of mini-satellites following InSight have enabled real-time updates of the supersonic landing of the spacecraft towards the reddish sky. Satellite also took a quick photo from the surface of Mars.
The image was marred by debris stains on the camera cover. But this quick view of the landscape pointed to a small number of flat, sandy surfaces with any rocks – as scientists had expected. Much better pictures will come in the coming hours and days.
"What a relief," Manning said. "This is really awesome." He added: "It never grows old."
The InSight spacecraft reached the surface after falling from zero to 19,800 km / h in six minutes using a parachute and braking motors to slow down. The radio signals confirming the descent lasted more than eight minutes to exceed the approximately 160 million kilometers between Mars and the Earth.
It was the ninth attempt by NASA to land on Mars since the 1976 Viking probes. All but one of the previous US touchdowns was successful.
In 2012, NASA came to Mars with its curious explorer.
In North America, the Times Square in New York City, as well as live shows in museums, planetariums and libraries.
Bruce Banerdt, a leading scientist in InSight, said, "Landing on Mars is one of the most challenging jobs people need to do in planetary discovery." Said. "It's a very difficult thing, it's a very dangerous thing to have something quite uncomfortable every time something might go wrong."
Mars has been a cemetery for many space missions. So far, the success rate on the red planet has been only 40 percent since 1960 when every flight, trajectory, and landing by the US, Russia and other countries has been trying to cross.
However, the United States, inSight & # 39; n not counted in the last forty years, seven successful Mars landing with only a single failed failure.
No other country was able to establish and operate a spacecraft on a dusty red surface.
As InSight hoped the Insiight team would be as flat as a parking space in Kansas, the Martian was shooting for Elysium Planitia near the equator.
This is not a rock gathering trip. Instead, the fixed 360 kilogram of land will use the 1.8-meter robot arm to place a mechanical molar and seismometer on the ground.
The self-hounded mole will go down five meters to measure the inner temperature of the planet, and the seismometer will listen for possible earthquakes.
However, since NASA's scientists will have to first assess the health of the spacecraft and the land it is landing on, it will take several months to keep these vehicles in place.
Something like this had never been tried on Mars, which was a planet about 160 million kilometers away from the Earth.
No landing went deeper than a few inches, and no seismometry on Mars worked.
Scientists examining the interior of Mars, how the rocky planets of our solar system were formed 4.5 billion years ago and why they are so different – Mars is cold and dry, Venus and Mercury are the hot burning and the world they hope to understand – that they can survive.
"We are trying to get back to the earliest stages of the planet in a timely manner," Banerdt said. "The fingerprints of these early processes are not only in the World."
However, Inight & # 39; s life does not have the capacity to detect. This will be left for future rovers. For example, NASA's Mars 2020 mission will eventually be brought back to the World and will collect stones to be analyzed for evidence of the old life.