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Economic migration – the main cause of the demographic crisis in Bulgaria (OBZOR)



14 November 2018 | 03:10 | FOCUS News Agency

Photo: AFP economic migration - the main cause of the demographic crisis in Bulgaria (OBZOR)

Economic migration - the main cause of the demographic crisis in Bulgaria (OBZOR)Photo: AFP

Sofia. A team from the demography department of the Institute of Population and Human Studies of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IHNH-BAS) "Measures to overcome the demographic crisis in the Republic of Bulgaria" project. Scientists in the six project working groups summarized the survey results and suggested concrete measures to change the negative trends in the country's demographic development. At the press conference, they explained the key processes affecting the reproduction of the population and the formation of the modern demographic picture. Particularly the birth rate, mortality rate, internal and external migration processes and sensitive ethnic and religious groups were examined. Economic migration as an important factor for reducing population size and reducing population size. BAS team presented Possible scenarios for population development in the medium termfocusing on changes in the number and quality of workforce and measures to optimize demographic reproduction. Specific changes have been proposed in the field of labor force development in order to increase legislation and policies, increase economic activity and employment, improve work quality and increase participation in education and training.
According to the director of the Institute of Population and Human Sciences (IHNH) at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS) Professor Dr. Antoaneta Hristova Regardless of the policies to be followed in the coming years, the number of the population in Bulgaria will decrease. The demographic crisis project in Bulgaria was serious and announced by the Council of Ministers in December. "In this project, we had a duty to develop policies for the solution of demographic problems in Bulgaria. Truth politics and ideas are not ideas. The project was made up of several groups to review the approaches the state has implemented and looked at in effect over time," he said.
Dr. Tatanya Kotseva The Department of Demography of the Institute notes that the birth rate in Bulgaria is at the European level, while the danger of demographic collapse is due to higher mortality rates. The incentives for overcoming the demographic crisis in the country may have family policy strategies aimed at improving child care services in areas such as health, education, conflict and family difficulties. Kotzeva questioned the young couples that they wanted children to decide about childbirth and child care, but explained that the most frequently answered answers were: free textbooks, medicines, school lunch, and free access. extracurricular activities. Improving child-rearing conditions in Bulgaria, increasing allowances, finding work with reduced or flexible working hours could be possible by accessing children in kindergartens and kindergartens.
During the meeting Dr. Kremena Borisova He said the average quality of work in Bulgaria is four times worse than the average for the European Union. According to him, insufficient attractiveness of the labor market, young people are leaving our country. He emphasized that all the measures proposed in the demolition project can be implemented if high consistency, consistency, legislative and governance structures are observed at all levels of the country.
with Lyrics Ilona Tomova An associate professor in the Institute of Population and Human Studies at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, the social inequalities of the country are constantly increasing and increasing negative demographic trends. "Numerous international studies have shown that reducing social inequalities leads to sustainable development in the country, decreasing mortality, leading a longer life with better health, reducing premature birth rates, and increasing birth rates in higher education groups. Lad Prof. Tomova explained.
By Associate Professor. Atanas Tasevv The state has to undertake a series of reforms in order to protect and restore young Bulgarians traveling to foreign countries. A major deficiency of state policy is the lack of continuity of diplomas obtained in foreign universities that are not recognized in our country. Assoc. Dr. Tahhev said it was an obstacle for many young and educated people who wanted to return. According to him, if they know that their education and qualifications will not be recognized here, they will not.
The project "Measures to overcome the demographic crisis in the Republic of Bulgaria" was submitted to the Ministry of National Education, the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Labor and Social Policy.
Diana Djulgerova

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