Basic Guide to Prostate Cancer: Learn the myths and facts that are the second leading cause of cancer in men.
Prostate cancer The second most common Among men, only the second for non-melanoma skin cancer. According to the National Cancer Institute (INCA) in 2018 68 thousand new casesThus, he stressed the need to clarify doubts about such a problem and to increase early detection by prioritizing the improvement of Brazilian quality and life expectancy.
The prostate is the largest accessory gland in the male genital system. It lies under the bladder in front of the rectum and surrounds the urethra. Prostate fluid produces approximately 20% of semen volume and is designed to feed sperm.
As we can describe risk factors advanced age, presence of family history and excess body fat. However, it is necessary to clarify that the absence of these factors does not survive cancer. In addition, a lower fat content, physical activities and alcohol consumption and non-smoking habits associated with balanced diets reduce cancer riskIn addition to other noncommunicable diseases such as hypertension and diabetes.
Some typical symptoms in patients advanced prostate cancerFor example: difficulty urinating, reducing urine output, and emptying urgency. However, we can make a differential diagnosis with other disorders such as benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatitis.
Prostate cancer can be identified by combining two tests: rectal touch and Dose of Specific Prostatic Antigen (PSA) Blood.
Touching allows the doctor to palpate nodules or hardened tissues in the gland; early stages and with it better prognosis especially if the patient is selected. proper management Cancer
PSA is often a great test to identify these prostate changes. But sometimes normal levels can hide advanced cancer and in others, modified levels do not close the diagnosis. Therefore, it is necessary to follow the instructions before the examination to improve its accuracy.
Therefore, the urologist may order tests additionalfor example, biopsy and, more recently, Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance, which provides greater sensitivity to the detection and characterization of prostate tumors, but is still in the testing phase for its efficacy and costs the patient. Such complementary exams should be emphasized distributing touch, nor PSA.
When should a male urologist be safe?
Urological Association of Brazil (SBU) and INCA stated that it is mandatory individualize the therapeutic approach and age and ethnicity (as the cancer affects more black men), family history, and other specific features of prostate cancer.
For this reason, SBU men and women aged 50 and Individual clinical evaluation. For black men or men with first-degree relatives due to cancer, screening should start at age 45. It should be emphasized that scanning will only take place after one hour. extensive discussion about risks and potential benefitsassociated with the professionalism of the selected doctor.
Treatment may be mainly surgery, radiotherapy or coexistence. However, it has many effects on the individual's life, necessitating the assessment of the individual. Treatment, if any, is indicated. disease progression and if the affected person is a Life expectancy of more than 10 years. Thus, slowly progressing tumors do not experience the undesirable effects of treatment. Finally talk to the urologist Clarify doubts before any examination or treatment First of all, it is indispensable to ensure patient autonomy and guarantee the best possible quality of life.