The Blue November campaign draws attention to an alarming number of prostate cancers. According to data from the National Cancer Institute (Inca), this cancer is the most common in men, with about 70,000 new cases per year in the country, and the second is the number of deaths. In the first stage, the disease may not show any symptoms, so the importance of annual control with a 50-year-old urologist will be discussed in the study. Explains Francisco Carnevale.
"Examination with the urologist will involve the evaluation of the patient's medical history, physical examination (rectal examination) and blood test (PSA dose, protein produced by the prostate)."
In the case of prostate cancer, treatment (monitoring, radiotherapy, hormone therapy or surgery) should be discussed with the specialist (urologist or oncologist) and will depend on the stage of the disease.
The incidence of such cancers increases as age progresses, but there are other risk factors: heredity (relatives with disease before age 60), obesity, smoking and sedentary lifestyle.
Adopting a balanced diet, doing regular physical activity, quitting smoking and getting an annual screening prevent not only prostate cancer, but also heart disease, diabetes and hypertension.
However, these are not the only problems with men's health. One in two people over 50 years of age is suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), the enlargement of the gland caused by hormonal factors. Ale The enlarged prostate pushes the bladder channel and not only has difficulty urinating, but it also causes men to wake up several times at night to go to the bathroom, to sleep and put their health at risk, iş says Carnevale. According to a study by Emory University in Atlanta, men who rose three or more times a night had a higher risk of death for various reasons.
One of the less invasive and available techniques to treat BPH is the embolization of the prostate arteries. This procedure consists of insertion of an x-ray guided catheter into the veins of the gland from the groin vein by accumulation of resin microspheres that prevent the arrival of 90% success in relieving symptoms of patients with urinary difficulties. This kind of blood to the site is caused by benign infarction. As a result, there is a reduction of about 40% of the prostate and marked improvement in urinary symptoms.