The line between Calais and Turin opened this November 6 and aims to carry 40,000 semi-trailers annually. This is the fourth line of this species in France.
Between Calais and Turin, cows will now be able to watch both trains and trucks. On Tuesday, November 6, Transport Minister Élisabeth Borne and SNCF President Guillaume Pepy started Calais, the new railroad connecting Italy's North Harbor and Orbassano near Turin.
Why is this name "railroad way"? "Because the system carries trucks directly, whether trailers, trailers, trailers, cars, answers Philippe Duong, Director of the Samarcande cabinet and transport and logistics specialist. Vehicles use the train as if they were using a highway. "
According to experts, these lines serve mainly two purposes. The first is to overcome natural barriers. This is the state of the Alpine railroad, passing through the Orbassano and Mont-Cenis tunnel, about 200 kilometers long in Aiton, Savoie. It was founded in 2003 in order to compensate for the blockage of the Mont-Blanc tunnel in 1999. This is also a Channel Tunnel.
The new highway opened this November 6 service. Another mission is part of those who aim: to allow trucks to travel faster at longer distances, sometimes at distances longer than 600 km, and in axes where the road network saves large flows. There are two other lines of this type in France.
One, about 1,400 kilometers, connects Calais and Le Boulou (near Perpignan near Pyrenees-Orientales) for two years. The other, the oldest, was launched in 2007 between Bettembourg, Luxembourg and Le Boulou. 1000 km from a little long. Note that a project also exists for many years on the Atlantic coast between Calais and Hendaye (Pyrénées-Atlantiques).
A flow between the Mediterranean and England
The Calais-Orbassano becomes the third long-distance highway, avoiding over 1000 km in less than 20 hours. "We start three days a week with one round trip." Thierry Le Guilloux, chairman of the subsidiary of SNCF, Viia, dedicated to the exploitation of these lines. Next year we will do a two-day round trip 5 times a week, 6 times a week. "
Finally, the manager lifts 40,000 trucks a year and avoids 45,000 tons of CO2. The flows will mostly include connections between Northern Italy and the United Kingdom.
Regardless of the railway motorway, Thierry Le Guilloux estimates that the carriers save 10 to 15% of the cost price, compared to the road, without taking into account investment savings by truck or truck. The context in which these companies do not suffer from driver shortages. "On the line between Luxembourg and Perpignan, the occupancy rate is around 92%", says Thierry Le Guilloux.
10% of the railway load
"By 2020, we expect these highways to generate about 10% of railway freight traffic."The rail freight and multimodal events head of the SNCF group says Sylvie Charles. The 2015 report found that 70,000 vehicles were more than double as stated by the Court in the 2017 report, but only two lines later.
However, the rise of the four highways should not reach the target of 500,000 trucks set by 2020 for the state's national commitment to railway transport in 2009. The targets then pass the off-road and non-air share to 14% from 25% to end of 2022. We're far away from this.
"The state carries a heavy responsibility for the rail freight"
A "wrong rail transport"
"In addition, the railway toll system is nothing more than a substitute for a real railway load that can stay in itself, requiring more industrialization and organization."In Samarkand Philippe Duong insists on the destruction of this mode of transport in France due to the lack of a real national logistics policy since the 1970s.
According to him, the burden was not only caused by the decline of heavy industry, but also by the systematic priority of passenger trains. "Everywhere in Western Europe, the freight has grown, at least fell a little"says. Can the freight start again? "The future is clearly on the combined railway track, Sylvie Charles said. In traditional freight, we should invent new products to send small volumes in particular. "
SNCF's weakly known financial nugget Geodis
Load is less than 10% of goods transport
With more than 338 billion tons According to the statistics of the Ministry of Transport, domestic land transportation (+ 1.2%) increased in 2016. Problem: The rail is only used for 10% of these changes.
Railways met 75% of freight transport in 1970s.
Highway transports it represents a little more than 88% of the volume carried and the river 2%.
Three French motorways in 2017 Totally moved between 110,000 and 120,000 semi-trailers.