Friday , December 3 2021

"What we get stuck" | Gustavo Gir speaks …


As part of the G-20 agenda, the Argentinean president and his Chinese counterpart will meet tomorrow to sign a few agreements. Among these, protocols can be approved to increase the trade of raw materials and we can also discuss the introduction of Argentina in the "La friga y la ruta" infrastructure project. Gustavo Girado, an expert economist in China, believes it will benefit Argentina. Director of the Master of Contemporary Chinese Studies Program at Lanús National University and author of the book á How the Chinese Have Happened? Old (Astrea, 2017) Girado, in dialogue with PáginaI12, analyzed Chinese-Argentine relations in the light of these agreements. and initiatives. In addition, he discussed the issue that suspended the main participants of the strong summit: the trade dispute between the United States and the Asian giant.

– He will meet with Argentine president Xi Jinping and sign several agreements.

– There has been widespread speculation about the signing of various agreements. On the one hand, we deal with the construction of Atucha III nuclear plant with technology from China. In the end it is understood that this offer will not be signed. On the other hand, there is a project in which Argentina will not enter the Silk Road and countries such as Brazil and Mexico do not subscribe. Then, I believe that what we will have from this small information, which we will have tomorrow, will be an endorsement of the pre-established agreements.

-For example, strengthening the purchase of Argentine raw materials?

– Of course, some of the protocols currently discussed can be strengthened or approved. For example, yesterday, Minister Etchevehere pointed to the increase in soybean and soybean oil purchases, with a Chinese industry trading with oil seeds. So, you may see an increase in bilateral commitment during the meeting tomorrow.

– Then there will be no big surprises?

– I think that with the visit of the state visit of Xi Argentina, I will proceed with a product access protocol. However, it should be noted that during the meeting it can be decided that our country has become part of the ile lane and route haline infrastructure.

– How does Argentina benefit from participating in this project?

-This project is the biggest development in the world. For example, he combined Beijing with Lisbon. It is a project spanning more than 60 countries, which emerged in Latin America two years ago and was announced with the US withdrawal, with the assumption that the United States should come to power. First, Argentina would benefit, because they were infrastructure projects with Chinese capital, including technology and infrastructure development. In addition, the participation of the capitals of Argentina is expected, which is always the other part of the agreement. However, the most important part will be the party that manages the business later. And when it was put into practice in Pakistan, there were some resistance and the Philippines. Let us say that open political projects are in accordance with the interests of China.

How do you evaluate the statements made by Rump's spokesperson (called the Chinese economy "pessimistic")? Can it affect bilateral relations between Argentina and China?

– It was very cruel to me, as if the meeting between Macri and Trump was to tell Macri what to say. This is rude. I get the impression that by incorporating Argentina into a giant fight, it might be a game to organize a dual meeting tomorrow. However, the words have been rejected since the morning of yesterday, but there is no way to know if this is really the case. If it is true, it is a break and may be a way of marking the court.

How do you see the trade war between America and China?

I have long argued that this has nothing to do with a commercial war, but it has to do with a violent conflict of hegemony, where, for example, weapons systems are discussed in a language where the next technological platforms will speak. Since its inception to the White House, Trump's proposal is to oppose the China 2030 project: a project that requires the Chinese government to be one of the leading global leaders in the development of the most advanced technology and to compete equally. Same as Silicon Valley.

– However, lately they were talking about a deal. Can you see?

The truth is that the problem has increased a lot and I think this is a very good option because it would be difficult to fulfill both of them as a result. Trump's recent outbursts in multilateral institutions and historic business partners and other groupings have had important consequences. In fact, yesterday Trump left the bilateral meetings. I think it's a very good example of lowering the price, lowering a little less tone. In order not to continue to influence the global economy, they have to reach some degree of convergence of interest. Being moderately optimistic, if they're going to sit and talk to talk, they have something to say to each other.

– Is there a line on how China relations will be with the new government of Brazil?

-It's a long time. Even Jair Bolsonaro didn't get his whole locker. However, we can understand that it will not be so different from Mauricio Macri, because it will have the same pressure to stop the progress of China.

How do you see the continuity of bilateral relations after G-20?

– In particular, the dynamics of bilateral relations between Argentina and China were based on our economic cycles. If Argentina needed financing, we turned to the giants in Asia because they did not impose restrictions on other countries. Therefore, in terms of funding, we assume that the relationship will remain proactive. Moreover, since Redrado was head of the Central Bank, it could already be a compromise agreement for currency swap. And as in exports, what we sell is stagnant. We can't expand any more. We are only committed to China's willingness to trade with us.

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