Sunday , April 11 2021

Mars touchdown: NASA spacecraft survives supe …



CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) – A few minutes after touching Mars, NASA's InSight spacecraft sent a "beautiful and dirty" photo of its new excavations. Still, the dust-speckled image seemed to be a work of art to scientists.

The photograph revealed only flat and sandy terrain around the spacecraft, and only one large boulder was visible.

"I find it to be an incredibly safe and boring landing place, I'm very happy," Tom Hoffman, project manager, said after Monday's respect. Said. "Exactly what we're going for."

A better image came after many hours and when dust caps came out of land cameras, it is expected in the coming days.

The spacecraft, after six minutes of dangerous, supersonic diving in the red sky, came to Mars.

"Touchdown approved!" 3 hours before a flight controller was called. EAS screamed among NASA's scientists who had to wait for a white-necked hangover to reach 100 million miles (160 million kilometers) in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

NASA's eighth successful landing in Mars since the 1976 Viking probes and was the first time in six years. In NASA's curiosity scene from 2012, there is still movement on Mars.

Due to the distance between Earth and Mars, the six-month, 300-million-mile (482 million-kilometer) trip took eight minutes to approve a pair of small satellites following InSight during the journey.

. Perfect i announced Japp's lead engineer, Rob Manning. "Sometimes things work in your favor."

InSight, a $ 1 billion international project, includes a German mechanical mole, which will be 16 meters (5 meters) down to measure the internal temperature of Mars. Lander also has a French seismometer to measure earthquakes if there is a smaller, geologically more calm neighbor. Another experiment will calculate the core of Mars to reveal the makeup of the planet's core.

Late on Monday, NASA reported that the spacecraft's vital solar arrays were open and recharged.

The next few "left" or – Marsian days for 24 hours, 39½ minutes – flight controllers will evaluate the health of all the important robot arm and its science instruments in InSight. Setting and fine tuning of the instruments will take months, and scientist Bruce Banerdt said he did not expect to get a solid data stream until next spring.

Banerdt sought the first bit of science, even though InSight's first snapshot of the surface was "beautiful and dirty." He said the image would be cleared and black spots would be lost. This photo came from a low camera on land. Late on Monday, NASA released a clean photo taken by a higher camera showing a piece of land and landscape.

The 800-pound (360 kilograms) InSight is fixed and will run from the same point for the duration of a Mars year over the next two years.

"In the coming months and years, history books will be rewritten about Mars," says JPL director Michael Watkins.

Using a parachute and braking engines to achieve the speed of InSight at a speed of 12,300 miles (19,800 km / h), NASA went this time with the old, simple approach, about 77 miles (114 km), 5 miles / hour (8 km / h) in touchdown. The danger was that the spacecraft could burn or return in the atmosphere.

Many Mars space-driven spacecraft launched by the US, Russia and other countries have been lost or destroyed for years without counting InSight with only a 40% success rate.

The three-legged InSight is located on the west side of the Elysium Planitia, the flatland NASA targets.

The museums, planetariums and libraries in the USA have organized cruise parties to monitor the events that occurred in the JPL. NASA TV coverage was also shown on the giant screen in Times Square, New York; The crowd gathered under umbrellas under the rain.

Jim Bridenstine, who first landed in Mars as the boss of NASA, said, ın It's an amazing day for our country. NAS

Mars's well-preserved interior, according to Banerdt, provides an image of what the Earth looks like after it was formed 4.5 billion years ago. While the world was seismically active, Mars decided to rest after it was established.

By studying and mapping the interior of Mars, scientists hope to find out why the rocky planets in our solar system are so different and why the Earth has become a paradise for life.

There's still no life detector in InSight. The next task of NASA, the Mars 2020 rover, will vote on rocks that could contain evidence of the old life. The question of whether life exists in the wet, wet history of Mars continues to move NASA from the sun to the fourth rock.

After the landing of InSight, two experimental satellites left behind Mars' main business. One of them took the last picture of the red planet, the chief engineer of the satellites, Andy Klesh, said "goodbye" to InSight … and said goodbye to Mars.

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For the full coverage of the AP's Mars landing: https://apnews.com/MarsLanding

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The Department of Health and Science, Associated Press, receives the support of the Department of Science Education at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. The AP is solely responsible for all content.


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