China launched a groundbreaking mission to land a largely unexplored distant side of the Moon, and showed its growing ambitions as a field force that could compete with Russia, the European Union and the United States.
- Chang & # 39; 4 is a lander-rover combination to be discovered above and below the moon surface.
- The South Pole-Aitken basin is expected to make a 27-day journey to the Von Karman crater.
- China aims to send 5 probe to Chang's next year
The official Xinhua News Agency announced a March 3 long rocket carrying a one-month probe from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan Province, southwestern China.
The distant side of the moon is also known as the dark side because it moves away from the Earth and is relatively unknown. It has a different composition to the nearby sites where previous missions landed.
If successful, the Chang & # 39; 4 mission will lead the Chinese space program to a leader in one of the most important areas of moon exploration.
China, Yutu, or five years ago on the Moon, "Jade Rabbit" rover of the land, and next year, there will be 5 years to send the investigation and since 1976 will be the first time to return to the world with the samples plans.
A crewed moon mission is also taken into account.
China aims to use Chang & # 39; 4 roaming to explore the distant side of the Moon. (CNSA is issued.)
Chang & # 39; e 4 is a lander-rover combination, and after a 27-day journey, it will discover both above and below the moon surface after reaching the Von Karman crater of the South Pole-Aitken basin.
"The distant side is always distant from the Earth, is not affected by our planet's ionosphere, human-made radio frequencies, and the auroral radiation noise," said Leonard David, an expert in the space industry. Website Space.com.
Chang's month tasks
- Chang 1: The first month in China started in 2007. He gathered the moon in orbit and formed a topographical map of the surface.
- Chang 2: A second orbit mission in 2011 to explore for future landing zones and take high-resolution photos
- Chang 3: Chang's first unmanned Moon landing effort. Yeşim Tavşanlı has touched the land in 2013, making the first soft landing of the moon since 1976. In spite of some technical problems, the rover functioned until 2016 when officially declared dead
- Chang 4: Research and research mission to the distant side of China
- Chang 5: The next mission is planned to collect and return the rocks and land in 2019
According to Xinhua the plant can carry seeds and silkworm eggs.
Chang, the goddess of the Moon in Chinese mythology.
In 2003, China performed its first crew space mission, making it the third country after Russia and the United States.
He deployed a pair of space stations into orbit, one of which is still working as a pioneer in a 54.43-ton station that is online in 2022.
The launch of a Mars traveler is scheduled in the mid-2020s.
In order to facilitate communication between the world's controllers and Chang's mission 4, China launched a relay satellite named Queqiao or "Magpie Bridge" after an ancient Chinese folk tale earlier this year.
China's space program benefited from co-operation with Russia and European countries, but was excluded from the 381-ton International Space Station, but because of US law that hampers such cooperation due to concerns over this strong cooperation.
China 's program also experienced a rare regression last year with the unsuccessful launch of the Long March 5 rocket.
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