Children and adolescents are exposed to a wide range. high calorie foods and low nutritional value in schools. As stated in the World Health Study World Survey conducted in Argentina (2012), the opportunities for physical activity were reduced and the time allocated to sedentary activities during the recess was increased. In the context of overweight and childhood obesity as in Argentina, the data are alarming.
According to the most recent official data available in Argentina, 28.6% of adolescents are overweight and obese, while 10.4% of children from six months to six years have childhood obesity. In order, Obesity tends to emphasize in low socio-economic groups.The Inter-American Heart Foundation (FIC) Analysis of the 2012 World Schools Health Survey, conducted in cooperation with Unicef in Argentina in 2015, showed that overweight was 31% higher among males of low socioeconomic status.
"Lifestyle changes, accelerated rhythm and socioeconomic conditions promote the consumption of many solid and sugary industrialized and hypercalceal foods, but the shortage of nutrients necessary for the development, growth and proper functioning of the organism, these foods contribute to excessive weight and obesity in children. She was considered director of the Nutrition Career of the Barceló Foundation's Norma Isabel Guezikaraian.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), The reason for childhood obesity is not just to focus on inadequate meals and reduced physical activity.However, there are socioeconomic factors that cause this disease. "Some are training, processing, distribution and food marketing, and even city planning, the environment and transportation." "In the early stages of other so-called chronic non-communicable diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, children suffering from this condition.
"It is therefore important that the prevention of childhood obesity begins in the first years of life." Erek It is easier to correct eating habits and if a healthy lifestyle comes out of childhood during adolescence and adulthood, it becomes easier to avoid being overweight. Olu In this process, the role of the family is to encourage the child to do physical exercise and to pay attention to their diet by feeding. must.
And he suggested some daily practices to make this task easier:
– Include children: When it comes to them to take food and prepare, give them more responsibility for their food.
– Inform them: It is important that they understand what foods are, their functions in the body, and how much they are needed.
– Play: To cook food in different ways, to combine and to present the table in an attractive way. Family can play with textures, colors and shapes.
– Various foods: It is important to consume all food groups, especially fruit, vegetables, legumes and whole grains, and increase the consumption of nuts and raw oils.
– Respect the four-day entry: As children get older and the food is distributed throughout the day, the body receives the nutrients they need from them. (breakfast, lunch, snacks and dinner)
– Know the school menu: with breakfast, lunch and dinner.
– Physical activity: Their physical activity is not enough, 60 minutes a day.
The importance of healthy environments
With the support of Unicef Argentina and FIC Argentina, the National Coalition for the Prevention of Obesity in Children and Adolescents has launched a publication that offers a set of recommendations and good practices for the State to support healthy school environment policies. Supporting these environments, including fiscal policies, pre-labeling in foods and other policies such as restrictions on the advertisement of products with low nutritional quality, Measures to be applied by States to prevent and control the pandemic of childhood obesity.
In the publication, organizations have proposed a series of actions to promote the adoption of healthy school environments. These strategies receive recommendations from the WHO and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO):
– Provide a special offer for healthy and natural foods in both kiosks and school canteens and eliminate high supply of food and beverages in sugar, fat, saturated fat and salt.
– Guarantee of access to free drinking water (for example, drinkers and / or dispensers).
– Include content in food curricula and healthy habits in school curricula; Food preparation lessons for children and adolescents, parents and carers; creation and management of school gardens.
– To strengthen physical education in schools by providing physical and human resources for this purpose.
– Make sure that the school has a free space for advertising high food and beverages in sugar, fat and salt.
Én These guidelines may provide a basis for developing a federal school nutrition policy that ensures effective and comprehensive measures nationwide and ensures a minimum regulatory ground that ensures equality for all children and adolescents at different socioeconomic levels, Bu said Belén, director of FIC Argentina. Ríos. He added, birlikte Later, for its implementation, local regulations, schools and school curriculum arrangements should move forward with the organization of school settings because they are decentralized. O
"These guidelines will serve to inform the path of public policies, which protect children and girls appropriately.. Civil society must have evidence-based and tools to protect the rights of children and adolescents who are most vulnerable and whose current and future welfare is endangered. Thus, we support the strengthening of this coalition from Unicef because we believe that participation is fundamental to progressing strictly in policies to prevent childhood obesity at the federal level, and the school deserves special protection. Unicef's healthcare professional, Fernando Zingman, is a precondition for the protection of the right to health, as well as other rights.
The National Coalition for the Prevention of Obesity in Children and Adolescents is a network of non-governmental organizations established in November 2017 under the initiative of FIC Argentina and Unicef Argentina. It currently consists of 30 organizations from all over the country. Its main purpose is to promote public policies that improve the food environment and thus contribute to the prevention of obesity in children and adolescents.