When Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin reached the Moon in 1969, the force that drove them there was politically. Many years ago, in 1957, the launch of Soviet satellite Sputnik 1 triggered the space race and succeeded in the Apollo program. Now, NASA is preparing its astronauts from the Earth's orbit, starting with the Moon and finally sending them back to Mars. But this time it's not a contest, and this time it doesn't do it without help. The American ship Orion, which will re-launch the rebirth of manned missions, is in co-operation with the European Space Agency (ESA), responsible for half of the construction. Lacking all the components together, Orion is less than two years from his first trip today and three or four years after the first manned takeoff.
. Competition projects are accelerating, but co-operation allows their realization,; said ESA general manager Johann-Dietrich Wörner, from a hangar in the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Behind it stands a few meters, a metallic cylinder with a diameter of five meters and a long meter on the quay. The new completed service module of the Orion ship from the United States in Bremen, Germany last week. The headquarters of the Airbus Group is the division of the Airbus Group, which is responsible for the installation of the device and has paid travel to Florida from El Pais. According to Philippe Deloo, director of the Orion project in Europe, the cylinder, which is full of tools, is one of the best engineering parts of the ESA.
The service module, in addition to other vital functions, provides air, electricity and propulsion to the ship and is one of the two main components of Orion. The other one, the crew cabin – only reusable element – a truncated cone with a volume of 20 cubic meters, and the capacity for the construction of six astronauts carried out by Lockheed Martin and the American agency itself. NASA's director, Jim Bridenstine, the telephone conference at the Space Center (flying from Washington DC to Florida), Washington Historically, when it comes to transferring critical elements of the US mission to other countries he doubted. Canceled due to bad weather conditions). "Now we decided to cooperate on big projects that no agency can do on its own. I think this is a very positive change," he added.
This week, with the installation at the Kennedy Space Center in both tomorrows – the service module and the crew module – the Orion spacecraft arises: the vehicle to launch a new space exploration period. The United States' goal is not to be the first country to be flagged for the next planet in the Solar System, but to continue to develop a "sustainable" exploration and long-term scientific research program. According to Guillermo González, managing director of ESA's manned missions, a program that will take over the control of the Orion project in Europe until a year ago, "will make everyone look small".
The new spacecraft is the heart of that plan. However, the current generation of astronauts will go to the Moon's orbit, where robots will soon be able to control the surface of the satellites. This technology is being tested with machines moving on the earth under the control of astronauts on the Earth Spaceship. As a result, space exploration is getting closer to aging when it will be freed from the ground control rooms and direct the space directly to the operation.
Orion doesn't have a cargo hold like the space shuttles that surround the parts of the International Space Station, but it has powerful engines that can remove them from the Earth's orbit. In the future, the Moon can attract components to build a space station that limits the "Lunar Portal" and that "lunar portal" missions will be taken further. 39 The Americans wanted to go to Mars, Gu says Guillermo González. Ya They realized that they could not enter the age of ten or 15 years old. They will practice in the Moon and then they will go to Mars;.
A few meters away from the Hangar, the vehicle, which will receive the Orion from the World, was prepared in one of the world's most bulky buildings, a powerful rocket launching the Space Launch System (SLS). With a height of 100 meters and a load capacity of 70 to 130 tons, this product is stronger than space shuttle or the Saturn V rocket of the Apollo program. In the summer of 2020, SLS, along with Orion for its first unmanned mission, embarks on a three-week journey that will take the ship's dark side of the Moon. When the earth returns, the cabin (without crew) will be rescued, but the service module will be consumed again. ESA and Airbus are preparing a replacement for the first manned mission planned for 2022.
Through the agreements between NASA and ESA launched in 2011 for Orion construction, Europe has expanded its access to the International Space Station for the next few years. If the European Member States accept it, co-operation is likely to continue with the production of service modules for many more missions. Uck We expect you to order many modules in the future. ”It's not efficient to make them one by one,“ he explains.
NASA's new deep space research program has experienced many lags, but there is no doubt that it will move forward with a pause in the Moon over the next decade and an introduction to Mars in the next decade. . You can see it, you can taste it, you can touch it. We are leaving! # The sound of the narrator was eager to catch an introductory video through NASA's Space Center hangars.
Source: El País