As a new report shows, Siaya County maintains Homa Bay as the largest number of HIV-infected adults in the country.
The document, which was prepared by the two government departments and pioneered the struggle against Sineya, noted that Siaya had a prevalence of 21 percent and then Homa Bay remained in 20.7. Kisumu County was the fourth and fifth with 16.3 percent Turks, Migori and Busia with 13.3 percent and 7.7 percent, respectively.
Among the provinces that exceed 4.9 percent of the national prevalence rate, 6.1 percent are in Nairobi and 4.5 percent in Vihiga.
The national adult HIV incidence rate was estimated to be 4.9 percent (4.5 percent) for men, with a higher prevalence of women (5.2 percent).
In Homa Bay, 22.1 percent of females had a higher prevalence in women, while in Siaya 22.4 percent of men and a 19.4 percent increase in males.
Data from the report published by the National Aid Control Council (Nacc) in Embu County on Friday revealed that the prevalence in Homa Bay fell to 20.9 percent in 2017 from 29 percent in 2016. .
This, he said, could be attributed to joint efforts from the national government, county and other stakeholders in finding solutions to prevent the spread of HIV / AIDS in the region.
A Multimodal Aids Strategic Plan addressing the main drivers of HIV / Aids, including the Homa Bay government in worrying numbers, cultural and sexual attitudes and behaviors and fishing industry networks in eight sub-districts (2014 / 2015-2018 / 2019 launched. .
"The people in the district were very sensitive and we created condom distribution and awareness to the people in the region, especially in the fishing industry, and we also created awareness and created door-to-door advocacy as needed."
The concentration of partners in the district also led to important milestones, he said.
According to the 2018 Kenya Aids Response Progress Report, Wajir 0.1%, Mandera (0.2%), Garissa (0.8%), Baringo (1.3%) and Marsabit among other provinces with lower prevalence of adult HIV prevalence. (Per 1.4) cent.
The council, however, said there was a decline in the prevalence of HIV among both men and women, both at national and provincial levels.
"Incidence of HIV Incidence and New HIV Infections Kenya has continued to see a sharp decline from 0.15% in 2017 to 0.35% in 2010 in adults between 15 and 49 years of age," the report says.
In 2017, the annual new HIV infections in all ages were 52,800; Among adults aged 15 and over, it is 44,800 and among children 14 and under 8,000.
He also found that new HIV infections in all age groups caused a 32% decline in national level from 77,200 in 2010 to 52,800 in 2017 despite population growth.
In adults aged 15 years and older, new infections decreased to 44,800 with a decrease of 30 percent in 2017, while it was 63,700 in 2010. New infections among children declined by 41% to 8,000 in 2017, while it was 13,500 in 2010.
Among young people aged 15-24, new infections, which were 28.800 in 2010, declined to 39.7% in 2017 with a decrease of 39 percent in 2017.
Nacc said recovery was a result of better campaigns that reached Sh121 billion in 2016/2017 in 2016/2017, with an increase in total spending in 2016.
According to the Kenya HIV Estimates Report 2018, Nairobi had the highest number of new infections among young people between 2,587 and 1587 years. This was followed by Homa Bay (1,852), Siaya (1,641), Kisumu (1,630) and Migori (1,143).
Overall, in all groups, Nairobi increased the number of new infections contributing to 7.159; Homa Bay (4,558); Kisumu (4,012); Siaya (4,039); and Migori (2, 814).
Together, these provinces contributed approximately 43 percent of total new infections in 2017 and 38 percent of new infections.
The districts also recorded the largest number of patients on anti-retroviral (ART) drugs.
Nairobi starts with 140, 000 followed by Kisumu (101,527), Homa Bay (100,667), Siaya (80, 000) and Migori (65,820).
184,719 include HIV-positive youth (15-24 years) and 17,667 & lt; RTI ID = 0.0 & gt; of this & lt; / RTI & gt;
Fewer deaths indicate that more young people were tested, treated, and treated in antiretroviral therapy.
Initiating and maintaining ART is essential for obtaining viral suppression (reduced viral load that cannot be detected and therefore not transmitted) in patients with HIV infection.
Currently over one million Kenyans (76 percent coverage) is on ART, including 53,067 parents to prevent maternal-child transmission (PMTCT).
The number of HIV-related deaths is approximately half that of new infections in 28.214.
Dr. Kenan Medical Research Institute of Kenya. According to Dismas Oketch, this can be attributed to patients who have late treatment and treatment incompatibility.
. The number of possibilities is a source of concern,. Dr. Oketch said. That's why new infections are decreasing, but HIV-related deaths continue to increase, Bu he added, adding that this could be explained by treatment failure or infection with drug-resistant strains.
In addition, HIV-related deaths cannot always be accurately predicted because an HIV-positive person may die from other infections, but is deemed to have died from HIV-related causes.
New strategies such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) initiatives have also helped fight the virus.
The Kenyan PrEP receives more than 53,291 and expects half a million people in PrEP in Kenya 2022.
Also condom distribution, 233,879 men's voluntary male circumcision, HIV education and awareness, safe sex messages and other HIV control measures such as the distribution of 189,000 needles and syringes to drug users have also helped.
"Although Kenya has progressed to national goals, as reflected in the 2018 HIV estimates report, there is much to do to stop and reverse HIV.
The Nacc CEO Nduku Kilonzo, "In absolute terms, a large part of Kenya's population is infected with HIV or affected by this disease." Said.
The epidemic said that the spread of the disease should be stopped with zero new infections, which are the main targets for the epidemic control.
The vision of eliminating the impact of the AIDS epidemic can be achieved by scaling up evidence-based interventions such as PrEP and voluntary medical male circumcision, which can help program planners better target the interventions they need the most.
"The data submitted through the Kenya HIV Forecasts Report 2018 should act as a primary step to accelerate the ongoing action," he said.