The termites created a wonder to the ancient world as much as the pyramids dwarfing ancient Egyptian monuments discovered by scientists.
The still-existing termite mounds in north-eastern Brazil cover a larger area than Great Britain and can be seen from space.
According to a study on soil samples, it is the product of slow and continuous excavations of interconnected underground tunnels dating back to 4,000 years.
For thousands of years, hard-working insects laid large amounts of land on the ground, creating about 200 meters of cone-shaped mounds, about 2.5 meters (8.2 feet) long and nine meters (29.5 ft) in diameter.
The mounds together cover an area of 230,000 square kilometers, which is considerably larger than England, Scotland and Wales.
At ground level, they are largely hidden between the forests of thorny bushes caatinga specific to the semi-desert region – but they appear on Google Earth satellite imagery.
Professor Stephen Martin, a professor at Salford University, said: olanak These mounds consisted of one type of termite that was scratching a large tunnel network to allow them to safely and safely eat dead leaves at the forest floor.
An The amount of the excavated land is 10 cubic meters equivalent to the great pyramid of Giza, representing one of the largest structures made by a single insect species. “
Scientists collected soil samples from the centers of 11 mounds and used aging technology to predict their ages.
The results of the current biology magazine showed that the mounds are between 690-820 years old.
Termite mounds have a complex internal structure with many shafts and tunnels serving as a ventilation system for underground wells.
The structures investigated by scientists do not leave the ancient ruins. The researchers found that all members of the Termite species Syntermes reside, still live in large colonies containing up to 60 mounds, the study.
Prof Martin added: ek In this day and age, it is unbelievable that you will find an “unknown gün biological wonder of this great size and age that is still present. Prof
The researchers said that many questions about termite colonies were left unanswered.
For example, attempts to discover colonies with a fiber optic scope failed to find a single, royal chamber barındır that contained the termite queen.
The mounds were also distributed in an ordinary manner, which was not managed by aggressive encounters between neighboring colonies.
– Press Association