Monday , June 27 2022

A part of the Mars mission will help us understand how we got here & # 39;



[ad_1]

NASA's InSight spacecraft for the Elysium Planitia region in the northern hemisphere of Mars was exposed to the final preparations at Vandenberg Air Force Base. Picture: Reuters / Gene Blevins / File Photo

Los Angeles – NASA's first robotic ship designed to study the deep interior of a distant world was closer to Mars to capture a plan scheduled on Monday after a six-month journey from space.

The Mars InSight spacecraft that traveled 301 million miles (548 million km) from the world would reach its destination on the dusty, rocky surface of the Red Planet at around 3:00. EST (2000 GMT).

NASA's mission control team at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), near Los Angeles, recently launched a flight to InSight on Sunday to maneuver the spacecraft closer to the entry point on Mars. was ready to adjust.

If everything goes according to plan, InSight pink will be 12 000 miles per hour (19 310 miles per hour) after about 24 hours to the Martian sky. A 77-mile landing on the surface will be slowed by atmospheric friction, a giant parachute and retro rockets. When it goes down after 6-1 / 2 minutes, it will only be 5 miles (8 kph).

The stationary probe, launched in May from California, will then stop for 16 minutes to allow the dust to stand exactly around the landing site before power is turned on to provide power from the disk-shaped solar arrays.

Engineers in JPL hope to receive real-time electronic confirmation of the safe arrival of the spaceship with miniature satellites launched in conjunction with InSight, which will fly Mars.

The JPL controllers are also waiting to take a picture of the perimeter of the probe on the flat, plain Marshal plain called the Elysium Planitia, the equator of the planet.

The site is about 373 miles (600 km) from the automobile-size Mars explorer Curiosity's 2012 landing point, the last spacecraft sent to NASA by Red Planet.

A smaller, 880-pound (360 kg) InSight – name refers to the discovery of the Martian initiated by the US in the 21st – including the Mariner flying missions of the short – 1960s for Internal Discovery using Seismic Surveys, Geodesy and Heat Transfer. About two dozen other Mars missions were sent from other nationalities.

ROCKY PLANETS FORMED

InSight is the first dedicated to unlock secrets under the surface of Mars. The land will spend about 24 months of a Mars year using seismic monitoring and underground drilling to gather clues about how Mars was formed, and will form the origins of the other rocky planets of the Solar system and the Earth more than 4 billion years ago. .

During a briefing session with journalists last week, the chief researcher at INSight, JLL Bruce Banerdt, said, "This helps us understand how." Said.

While the tectonics and other forces of the world wiped out the greatest evidence of its early history, much of Mars – one-third of the Earth – is believed to have remained largely stationary throughout the ages, creating the geological time machine of scientists.

InSight's primary instrument is a highly sensitive French-made seismometer designed to detect "vibrations" and the slightest vibrations from meteor effects.

Scientists hope to see over 100 dozens of 100 marches along the course of the mission, producing data to understand the size, density, and composition of the planet.

Viking probes in the mid-1970s were equipped with seismometers, but they were stranded on a design that proved to be largely ineffective.

InSight is also equipped with a German-made drill to make 16 feet (5 meters) of nesting ground by pulling a rope-like thermal probe to measure heat.

In the meantime, a radio transmitter will monitor Mars' s fine rotation wobbling, sending back signals to the world by monitoring the planet's core to remain large and likely to remain melted.

NASA officials, InSight and the next mobile mission, along with others in the planning phase, Mars' s ultimate human discovery is seen as a pioneer, he said.

Reuters

[ad_2]
Source link